Immunofluorescence analysis of Cytochrome-C was done on 70% confluent log phase HepG2 cells. The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes, permeabilized with 0.1% Triton™ X-100 for 10 minutes, and blocked with 1% BSA for 1 hour at room temperature. The cells were labeled with Cytochrome-C (7H8.2C12) Mouse Monoclonal Antibody (MA511674) at 2ug/ml in 0.1% BSA and incubated for 3 hours at room temperature and then labeled with Goat anti-Mouse IgG (H+L) Superclonal™ Secondary Antibody, Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugate (Product # A28175) at a dilution of 1:2000 for 45 minutes at room temperature (Panel a: green). Nuclei (Panel b: blue) were stained with SlowFade® Gold Antifade Mountant with DAPI (S36938). F-actin (Panel c: red) was stained with Alexa Fluor® 555 Rhodamine Phalloidin (Product # R415, 1:300). Panel d is a merged image showing cytoplasmic localization. Panel e is a no primary antibody control. The images were captured at 60X magnification.
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Published species reactivity||Rat, Human, Mouse, Not Applicable, Xenopus|
|Host / Isotype||Mouse / IgG2b, kappa|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptides corresponding to amino acids 1-80, 81-104 and 66-104 of pigeon cytochrome c|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.4, with 0.2% BSA|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||4° C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:100|
|Western Blot (WB)||Assay Dependent|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
MA5-11674 targets Cytochrome c in IHC (P) and WB applications and shows reactivity with Human, mouse, and Rat samples.
The MA5-11674 immunogen is synthetic peptides corresponding to amino acids 1-80, 81-104 and 66-104 of pigeon cytochrome c.
Cytochrome c is an electron transporting protein that resides within the inter-membrane space of the mitochondria, where it plays a critical role in the process of oxidative phosphorylation and production of cellular ATP. An increasing amount of interest has been directed toward the role which cytocrome c has been demonstrated to play in apoptotic processes. Following exposure to apoptotic stimuli, cytochrome c is rapidly released from the mitochondria into the cytosol, an event which may be required for the completion of apoptosis in some systems. Cytosolic cytochrome c functions in the activation of caspase-3, and ICE family molecule that is a key effector of apoptosis.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
|Not Applicable||Not Cited||
Selective A3 adenosine receptor agonist protects against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry - paraffin section to elucidate the function of selective A3 adenosine receptor agonist against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity
|Galal A,El-Bakly WM,Al Haleem EN,El-Demerdash E||Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology (77:309)||2016|
|Not Applicable||Not Cited||
Growth Hormone Ameliorates the Radiotherapy-Induced Ovarian Follicular Loss in Rats: Impact on Oxidative Stress, Apoptosis and IGF-1/IGF-1R Axis.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry - paraffin section to learn the importance of oxidative stress IGF-1/IGF-1R axis, and apoptosis and how growth hormone ameliorates the radiotherapy-induced ovarian follicular loss in rats
|Mahran YF,El-Demerdash E,Nada AS,El-Naga RN,Ali AA,Abdel-Naim AB||PloS one (10:null)||2015|
Identification of prognostic biomarkers for glioblastomas using protein expression profiling.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry - paraffin section to identify diagnostic and prognostic markers for glioblastoma
|Jung Y,Joo KM,Seong DH,Choi YL,Kong DS,Kim Y,Kim MH,Jin J,Suh YL,Seol HJ,Shin CS,Lee JI,Kim JH,Song SY,Nam DH||International journal of oncology (40:1122)||2012|
Sodium selenite treatment restores long-lasting ovarian damage induced by irradiation in rats: impact on oxidative stress and apoptosis.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the beneficial effects of sodium selenate treatment on irradiation-induced ovarian injury in a rat model
|Said RS,Badr AM,Nada AS,El-Demerdash E||Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.) (43:85)||2014|
|Not Applicable||Not Cited||
Sodium selenite improves folliculogenesis in radiation-induced ovarian failure: a mechanistic approach.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry to assess the radioprotective effect of sodium selenite on radiation-induced ovarian failure and test if sodium selenite stimulates in vivo follicular development in experimental rats
|Said RS,Nada AS,El-Demerdash E||PloS one (7:null)||2012|
Identification of differentially expressed genes in 4-day axolotl limb blastema by suppression subtractive hybridization.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry to identify those genes upregulated in regenerating axoltl hindlimb 4 days after amputation
|Gorsic M,Majdic G,Komel R||Journal of physiology and biochemistry (64:37)||2008|
Mitochondrial disruption in Drosophila apoptosis.
MA5-11674 was used in immunohistochemistry and western blot to study how Reaper, Hid, and Drp1 regulate mitochondrial disruption in fly apoptosis
|Abdelwahid E,Yokokura T,Krieser RJ,Balasundaram S,Fowle WH,White K||Developmental cell (12:793)||2007|
Bcl-xL regulates mitochondrial energetics by stabilizing the inner membrane potential.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to study the association of Bcl-xL with inner mitochondrial christae and its role in stabilizing the inner membrane potential
|Chen YB,Aon MA,Hsu YT,Soane L,Teng X,McCaffery JM,Cheng WC,Qi B,Li H,Alavian KN,Dayhoff-Brannigan M,Zou S,Pineda FJ,O'Rourke B,Ko YH,Pedersen PL,Kaczmarek LK,Jonas EA,Hardwick JM||The Journal of cell biology (195:263)||2011|
Imatinib mesylate induction of ROS-dependent apoptosis in melanoma B16F0 cells.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to identify the role of imatinib mesylate in cancer cell apoptosis
|Chang SP,Shen SC,Lee WR,Yang LL,Chen YC||Journal of dermatological science (62:183)||2011|
Anti-apoptotic activity and proteasome-mediated degradation of Xenopus Mcl-1 protein in egg extracts.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the endogenous apoptosis regulators in Xenopus egg extracts
|Tsuchiya Y,Yamashita S||The Journal of biological chemistry (286:15806)||2011|
Heat shock protein 90 maintains the tumour-like character of rheumatoid synovial cells by stabilizing integrin-linked kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase and protein kinase B.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the role of HSP90 in rheumatoid atherosclerosis development and progression
|Hashiramoto A,Murata M,Kawazoe T,Yoshida K,Akiyama C,Shiozawa K,Shiozawa S||Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (50:852)||2011|
Ubiquitin B: an essential mediator of trichostatin A-induced tumor-selective killing in human cancer cells.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the role of ubiquitin B in tumor cell death induced by trichostatin A
|Wu P,Tian Y,Chen G,Wang B,Gui L,Xi L,Ma X,Fang Y,Zhu T,Wang D,Meng L,Xu G,Wang S,Ma D,Zhou J||Cell death and differentiation (17:109)||2010|
Lindane and cell death: at the crossroads between apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to examine the effects of lindane on autophagic, apoptotic, and necrotic cell death in rat hepatocytes
|Zucchini-Pascal N,de Sousa G,Rahmani R||Toxicology (256:32)||2009|
Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of tissue factor pathway inhibitor induces apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to examine the therapeutic potential of tissue factor pathway inhibitor in restenosis
|Fu Y,Zhang Z,Zhang G,Liu Y,Cao Y,Yu J,Hu J,Yin X||Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death (13:634)||2008|
Butyrate induces necrotic cell death in murine colonic epithelial cell MCE301.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of butyrate on cell survival of murine colonic epithelial cell MCE301
|Matsumoto T,Hayasaki T,Nishimura Y,Nakamura M,Takeda T,Tabuchi Y,Obinata M,Hanawa T,Yamada H||Biological and pharmaceutical bulletin (29:2041)||2006|
Quantitative analysis of mitochondrial protein expression in methylmalonic acidemia by two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to study mitochondrial protein expression in methylmalonic acidemia by two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis
|Richard E,Monteoliva L,Juarez S,Pérez B,Desviat LR,Ugarte M,Albar JP||Journal of proteome research (5:1602)||2006|
Cellular prion protein inhibits proapoptotic Bax conformational change in human neurons and in breast carcinoma MCF-7 cells.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to study the inhibition of the proapoptotic Bax conformational change by cellular prion protein in human neurons and breast carcinoma cells
|Roucou X,Giannopoulos PN,Zhang Y,Jodoin J,Goodyer CG,LeBlanc A||Cell death and differentiation (12:783)||2005|
Involvement of mitochondrial permeability transition in acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the mechanism for the acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice
|Masubuchi Y,Suda C,Horie T||Journal of hepatology (42:110)||2005|
Full-length expanded ataxin-3 enhances mitochondrial-mediated cell death and decreases Bcl-2 expression in human neuroblastoma cells.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the influence of ataxin-3 on apoptosis of human neuroblastoma cells and its mechanism
|Tsai HF,Tsai HJ,Hsieh M||Biochemical and biophysical research communications (324:1274)||2004|
Long dwell-time exposure of human chorionic villi to transvaginal ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy induces activation of caspase-3 and cytochrome C release.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to investigate the effect of transvaginal ultrasound exposure on human chorionic villi in the first trimester of pregnancy
|Zhang J,Zhou F,Song Y,Ying W,Zhang Y||Biology of reproduction (67:580)||2002|
|Not Applicable||Not Cited||
Cycloheximide-induced T-cell death is mediated by a Fas-associated death domain-dependent mechanism.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to elucidate the mechanisms that regulate cycloheximide-induced apoptosis
|Tang D,Lahti JM,Grenet J,Kidd VJ||The Journal of biological chemistry (274:7245)||1999|
Overproduction of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in the resistance to apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells from diabetic patients: a link between inflammation and apoptosis.
MA5-11674 was used in immunocytochemistry to investigate the association between cyclo-oxygenase-2 and apoptosis resistance in the arteries of diabetic patients
|Redondo S,Ruiz E,Gordillo-Moscoso A,Navarro-Dorado J,Ramajo M,Rodríguez E,Reguillo F,Carnero M,Casado M,Tejerina T||Diabetologia (54:190)||2011|
Mitochondrial c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase prevents the accumulation of reactive oxygen species and reduces necrotic damage in neural tumor cells that lack trophic support.
MA5-11674 was used in immunocytochemistry to investigate the role of mitochondrial c-jun terminal kinase in neural tumor cells
|López-Sánchez N,Rodríguez JR,Frade JM||Molecular cancer research : MCR (5:47)||2007|
Protective effect of sulforaphane against cisplatin-induced mitochondrial alterations and impairment in the activity of NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 and ¿ glutamyl cysteine ligase: studies in mitochondria isolated from rat kidney and in LLC-PK1 cells.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to test if sulforaphane alters cisplatin-induced mitochondrial alterations and impairs cytoprotective enzyme activity
|Guerrero-Beltrán CE,Calderón-Oliver M,Martínez-Abundis E,Tapia E,Zarco-Márquez G,Zazueta C,Pedraza-Chaverri J||Toxicology letters (199:80)||2010|
Mitochondrial impairment induced by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activation in cortical neurons after oxygen and glucose deprivation.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to report that PARP-1 contributes to mitochondrial impairment that ultimately leads to neuronal apoptosis after cerebral ischemia.
|Tanaka S,Takehashi M,Iida S,Kitajima T,Kamanaka Y,Stedeford T,Banasik M,Ueda K||Journal of neurochemistry (95:179)||2005|
Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence correlates with mitochondrial cytochrome c release in infected macrophages.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to examine mitochondrial function in the course of intracellular infections.
|Abarca-Rojano E,Rosas-Medina P,Zamudio-Cortéz P,Mondragón-Flores R,Sánchez-García FJ||Scandinavian journal of immunology (58:419)||2003|
The human dynamin-related protein OPA1 is anchored to the mitochondrial inner membrane facing the inter-membrane space.
MA5-11674 was used in western blot to report that OPA1 resides in the mitochondria.
|Olichon A,Emorine LJ,Descoins E,Pelloquin L,Brichese L,Gas N,Guillou E,Delettre C,Valette A,Hamel CP,Ducommun B,Lenaers G,Belenguer P||FEBS letters (523:171)||2002|