The Eph subfamily represents the largest group of receptor protein tyrosine kinases identified to date. While the biological activities of these receptors have yet to be determined, there is increasing evidence that they are involved in central nervous system function and in development. The Eph subfamily receptors of human origin (and their murine/avian homologs) include EphA1(Eph), EphA2 (Eck), EphA3 (Hek4), EphA4 (Hek8), EphA5 (Hek7), EphA6 (Hek12), EphA7 (Hek11/MDK1), EphA8 (Hek3), EphB1 (Hek6), EphB2 (Hek5), EphB3(Cek10, Hek2), EphB4 (Htk), EphB5 (Hek9) and EphB6 (Mep). Ligands for Eph receptors include ephrin-A4 (LERK-4) which binds EphA3 and EphB1. In addition, Ephrin-A2 (Elf-1) has been described as the ligand for EphA4, ephrin-A3 (Ehk1-L) as the ligand for EphA5 and ephrin-B2 (Htk-L) as the ligand for EphB4 (Htk).
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Protein Aliases: EPH-related receptor tyrosine kinase ligand 6; Ephrin-A2; EphrinA2; HEK7 ligand; HEK7-L; LERK-6
Gene Aliases: EFNA2; ELF-1; EPLG6; HEK7-L; LERK-6; LERK6
UniProt ID: (Human) O43921
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 1943
Molecular Function: membrane-bound signaling molecule