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GBP1 or guanlyate binding protein 1 is a 68 kDa GTPase and member of the GTPase1 family of molecules. GBP1 expression is induced by Interferon g as well as other inflammatory cytokines including IL-1a, IL-1b and TNF-a. Induction of GBP1 expression by poly I:C, a prototypical TLR3 ligand, as well as GBP1 expression dependency on NF-kB and IFNa response elements implicate TLR pathway involvement. Inversely proportional expression of GBP1 and MMP-1 as well as other related molecules to adhesion and migration show a clear functional role of GBP1 in suppressing angiogenesis and migration especially of endothelial cells. As a regulatory molecule it is centrally involved in signal transduction of inflammatory and cell migration networks.
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Protein Aliases: GBP-1; GTP-binding protein 1; Guanine nucleotide-binding protein 1; guanylate binding protein 1, interferon-inducible; guanylate binding protein 1, interferon-inducible, 67kDa; Guanylate-binding protein 1; huGBP-1; Interferon-induced guanylate-binding protein 1
Gene Aliases: GBP1
UniProt ID: (Human) P32455
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 2633
Molecular Function: heterotrimeric G-protein