Immunofluorescence was performed on fixed and permeabilized HepG2 cells for detection of Glutamine synthetase using ABfinity™ Glutamine synthetase Recombinant Rabbit Oligoclonal Antibody (Product# 710963, 2ug/ml) and labeled with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Superclonal™ Secondary Antibody, Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugate (Product # A27034, 1:2000). Panel a) shows representative cells that were stained for detection and localization of Glutamine synthetase protein (green), Panel b) is stained for nuclei (blue) using SlowFade® Gold Antifade Mountant with DAPI (Product # S36938). Panel c) represents cytoskeletal F-actin staining using Alexa Fluor® 555 Rhodamine Phalloidin (Product # R415, 1:300). Panel d) is a composite image of Panels a, b and c clearly demonstrating cytoplasmic localization of Glutamine synthetase. Panel e) represents control cells with no primary antibody to assess background.
|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Protein corresponding to Human GLUL (aa 2-373)|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.2|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Store at 4°C short term. For long term storage, store at -20°C, avoiding freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||2 µg/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||2 µg/ml|
|Western Blot (WB)||1-2 µg/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
ABfinity™ recombinant oligoclonal antibodies are rabbit antibody pools generated from isolated DNA libraries. ABfinity™ antibodies are developed by immunizing animals, screening for functionality, cloning the immunogen-specific antibody genes into high-level mammalian expression vectors, produced on a large scale, and purified with Protein A.
ABfinity™ oligoclonal antibodies recognize multiple epitopes and therefore exhibit greater sensitivity and because ABfinity™ recombinant antibodies are derived from cloned DNA sequences of the heavy and light antibody chains, they are not susceptible to cell-line drift or lot-to-lot variation, thus allowing for peak specificity and performance.
This antibody is predicted to react with Monkey, Cat and Rat.
Glutamine synthase is part of the glutamine synthetase family. Ammonia incorporation in animals occurs through the actions of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamine synthase. Glutamate plays the central role in mammalian nitrogen flow, serving as both a nitrogen donor and nitrogen acceptor. It also has an important role in controlling metabolic regulations of neurotransmitter glutamate. Because of the multiple functions and importance of GS in cellular metabolism, both catalytic activities and synthesis are highly regulated. The activity of GS is controlled by adenylylation. Its activity is decreased in the cerebral cortex of brains affected by Alzheimer's disease, particularly in the vicinity of senile plaques. It is also decreased under conditions of glucose deprivation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.