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H3K27me3 is the epigenetic mark where histone H3 is trimethylated at lysine residue 27. H3K27me3 is an epigenetic silencing mark and thus associated with downregulation of nearby genes and often found in heterochromatin regions. H3K27me3 is mainly found at inactive gene promoters and generally is found in opposition to the activating mark H3K4me3. H3K27me3 often occupies gene rich regions with close association to development regulators. EZH2, a component of the PRC2 complex, is the histone methyltransferase (or writer) responsible for trimethylating H3K27. UTX and JMJD3 both are histone demethylases (or erasers) for H3K27me3. The regulation of H3K27me3 is crucial for gene regulation and dysregulation of H3K27me3 has been implicated in numerous diseases including cancer. H3K27me3 antibodies are often used for western blot and ChIP applications to study changes in levels and occupancy of H3K27me3.
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Protein Aliases: H3 histone; H3 histone family, member A; H3 histone family, member I; H3 histone family, member J; H3 histone family, member K; H3 histone family, member L; H3 histone family, member M; H3 histone, family 2; H3 K27; H3-clustered histone 13; H3-clustered histone 14; H3-clustered histone 15; H3-clustered histone 2; H3-clustered histone 3; H3-clustered histone 4; H3-clustered histone 6; H3-clustered histone 7; H3/b; H3/d; H3/f; H3/j; H3k27; H3Lys27me3; histone 1, H3a; histone 1, H3b; histone 1, H3f; histone 1, H3h; histone 1, H3j; histone 2, H3a; histone 2, H3c; histone 2, H3c2; histone 2, H3ca2; Histone 3; histone cluster 2, H3c2, pseudogene; histone gene complex 1; histone H3; Histone H3.1; Histone H3.2; Histone H3/a; Histone H3/b; Histone H3/c; Histone H3/d; Histone H3/f; Histone H3/h; Histone H3/i; Histone H3/j; Histone H3/k; Histone H3/l; Histone H3/m; Histone H3/o; Histone H3K27me3; methyl Histone 3; methyl Histone H3; Tri-methyl H3; Tri-methyl Histone H3; Tri-Methyl-H3 K27; Tri-Methyl-H3 Lys27; Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 K27; Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 Lys27; Trimethyl H3; Trimethyl Histone H3
Gene Aliases: H3; H3-143; H3-291; H3-53; H3-614; H3-B; H3-F; H3.1-221; H3.1-291; H3.1-I; H3.2; H3.2-221; H3.2-614; H3.2-615; H3.2-616; H3/A; H3/i; H3/j; H3/k; H3/l; H3/M; H3/n; H3/o; H3a; H3b; H3C1; H3C10; H3C11; H3C12; H3C13; H3C14; H3C15; H3C2; H3C3; H3C4; H3C6; H3C7; H3C8; H3f; H3F1K; H3F2; H3FA; H3FB; H3FC HIST1H3C; H3FD; H3FF; H3FH; H3FI; H3FJ; H3FK; H3FL; H3FM; H3FN; H3g; H3h; H3i; Hist1; HIST1H3A; HIST1H3B; Hist1h3c; HIST1H3D; HIST1H3E; HIST1H3F; HIST1H3G; HIST1H3H; HIST1H3I; HIST1H3J; HIST2H3A; Hist2h3b; HIST2H3C; Hist2h3c1; Hist2h3c2; Hist2h3c2-ps; Hist2h3ca1; Hist2h3ca2; HIST2H3D; M32461
Molecular Function: histone