Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a member of the histone H4 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6.
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Protein Aliases: H4 histone family, member A; H4 histone family, member I; H4 histone family, member J; H4 histone family, member M; H4 histone family, member N; H4 histone, family 2; H4 K20; H4K20; H4Lys20me3; HIST1H4; histone 1, H4a; histone 1, H4b; histone 1, H4e; histone 1, H4i; histone 2, H4a; Histone 4; Histone 4 family, member M; histone 4, H4; Histone Cluster 4; histone family member; Histone H4; Histone H4A; Histone H4K20me3; histone IV, family 2; methyl Histone 3; methyl Histone H3; Tri-methyl H4; Tri-methyl Histone H4; Tri-Methyl-H4 K20; Tri-Methyl-H4 Lys20; Tri-Methyl-Histone H4 K20; Tri-Methyl-Histone H4 Lys20; Trimethyl H4; Trimethyl Histone H4
Gene Aliases: FO108; H4; H4-16; H4/A; H4/B; H4/C; H4/D; H4/E; H4/G; H4/H; H4/I; H4/J; H4/K; H4/M; H4/N; H4/O; H4/p; H4C1; H4C11; H4C12; H4C13; H4C14; H4C15; H4C2; H4C3; H4C4; H4C5; H4C6; H4C8; H4C9; H4F2; H4FA; H4FB; H4FC; H4FD; H4FE; H4FG; H4FH; H4FI; H4FJ; H4FK; H4FM; H4FN; H4FO; H4M; HIST1H4A; HIST1H4B; HIST1H4C; HIST1H4D; HIST1H4E; HIST1H4F; HIST1H4H; HIST1H4I; HIST1H4J; HIST1H4K; HIST1H4L; HIST2H4; HIST2H4A; HIST2H4B; HIST4H4
Molecular Function: histone