Description: The monoclonal antibody 87G recognizes human HLA-G, a member of the Human Leukocyte Antigen family but as part of the nonclassical MHC type involved in inhibiting immune reponses. HLA-G has seven reported isoforms. The antibody 87G recognizes both HLA-G1 and the solube HLA-G5. Expression of HLA-G is found primarily in fetal trophoblast cells as they invade the maternal decidua thereby protecting the fetus from the maternal immune system. Like the highly mitotic trophoblast, abundant HLA-G protein expression has been identified in some tumors, including melanoma, breast carcinoma and renal carcinoma as well as CLL, AML and B-CLL. Some expression has also been found in pancreatic islets, erythroid and endothelial progenitors and the adult thymic medulla.HLA-G+ CD4 or CD8 cells have been identified in normal human peripheral blood and are thought to act as regulatory cells in that they are hypoproliferative with a unique cytokine profile differing from Tregs. The receptors for HLA-G are CD85j/ILT2, CD85d/ILT4, and CD158. Recent studies have shown a role for HLA-G in tolerance and maintenance of transplanted organs.
Applications Reported: This 87G antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 87G antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of stimulated U937 cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 633-647 nm; Emission: 660 nm; Laser: Red Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
HLA-G belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. HLA-G is expressed on fetal derived placental cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domain, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exon 6 encodes the cytoplasmic tail.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: b2 microglobulin; DADB-15K14.8; HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, alpha chain G; HLA class I molecule; HLA G antigen; HLA-G histocompatibility antigen, class I, G; MHC class I antigen G; MHC-G; sHLA-G; Soluble HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, alpha chain G
Gene Aliases: HLA-6.0; HLA-G; HLAG; MHC-G
UniProt ID: (Human) P17693
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3135