•Purity: >95% by SDS-Page
•Endotoxin Concentration: 0.1 ng/µg
•Biological Activity: ED50 = 0.1-1.0 mg/mL
•Molecular Weight: 25 kDa
Reconstitution: Centrifuge the vial briefly, before opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Reconstitute the lyophilized protein in sterile 20 mM acetic acid to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Apportion the reconstituted protein into working aliquots and store at ≤ -20°C. Make any further dilutions of the reconstituted protein in low endotoxin medium or a buffered solution containing a carrier protein such as heat inactivated FCS or tissue culture grade BSA.
Storage: Store the lyophilized protein at 2-8°C or -2°C for long term storage, preferably desiccated. Upon reconstitution, apportion into working aliquots and store at ≤-20°C. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Bone Morphogenic Proteins (BMP) are members of the TGF-beta superfamily that affect bone and cartilage formation (Hogan 1996, Reddi 1998 and Francis-West et al. 1999). Mature BMPs are 30-38 kDa proteins that assume a TGF-beta -like cysteine knot configuration. Lovostatin increases bone formation by turning on the bmp-2 gene (Mundy et al. 1999). BMPs stimulate the production of specific bone matrix proteins and alter stromal cell and osteoclast proliferation (Macias et al. 1999, Lecanda et al. 1997). BMPs may also be an important factor for development of the viscera, with roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and morphogenesis (Hogan 1996, Dale and Wardle 1999). BMPs appear to be responsible for normal dorsal/ventral patterning. Like TGF-beta, BMPs bind to a type II receptor, which then recruits the transducing type I receptor unit, activating the Smad protein signaling pathway (Massague 1994, Derynck 1997, Attisano 1993).
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: 2610024H22Rik; AL117858; AW546137; BB189135; BMP; BMP-2; BMP-2A; BMPR-II; BMPRII; Bone morphogenetic protein; Bone morphogenetic protein 2; Bone morphogenetic protein 2A; H-BMP-2
Gene Aliases: BDA2; BMP2; BMP2A
UniProt ID: (Human) P12643
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 650