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Immunohistochemistry analysis of I kappa B-alpha showing staining in the cytoplasm of paraffin-embedded human kidney tissue (right) compared to a negative control without primary antibody (left). To expose target proteins, antigen retrieval was performed using 10 mM sodium citrate (pH 6.0), microwaved for 8-15 min. Following antigen retrieval, tissues were blocked in 3% H2O2-methanol for 15 min at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with I kappa B-alpha Monoclonal antibody (701098) diluted in 3% BSA-PBS at a dilution of 1:20 overnight at 4°C in a humidified chamber. Tissues were washed extensively in PBST and detection was performed using a HRP-conjugated secondary antibody followed by colorimetric detection using a DAB kit. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and dehydrated with ethanol and xylene to prep for mounting.
|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Recombinant protein corresponding to amino acids 1–110 of human NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 1 month. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:10-1:100|
|Western Blot (WB)||0.5-2 ug/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
ABfinity™ recombinant antibodies are rabbit monoclonal antibodies, unmatched for producing superior results. ABfinity™ antibodies are developed by immunizing animals, screening for functionality, cloning the immunogen-specific antibody genes into high-level mammalian expression vectors, produced on a large scale, and purified with Protein A.
ABfinity™ monoclonal antibodies resemble rabbit monoclonals isolated from serum or produced by hybridomas, but demonstrate greater specificity and sensitivity. Because ABfinity™ recombinant antibodies are derived from cloned DNA sequences of the heavy and light antibody chains, they are not susceptible to cell-line drift or lot-to-lot variation, thus allowing for peak specificity and performance.
Intact IgG appears on a non-reducing gel as ~150 kDa band and upon reduction generating a ~25 kDa light chain band and a ~50 kDa heavy chain.
I kappa B-alpha is a 40 kDa protein that functions to inhibit NF- kappaB activity. The inhibition occurs via protein-protein interaction between I kappaB proteins and NF- kappaB dimers in the cytosol. The interaction of I kappa B-alpha with NF- kappaB masks the nuclear localization sequence of NF- kappaB, preventing NF- kappaB translocation to the nucleus. A variety of stimuli can activate gene expression by liberating NF- kappaB through the degradation of I kappaB alpha. These stimuli include the proinflammatory cytokines TNF- alpha and IL-1 beta, chemokines, PMA, growth factors, LPS, UV irradiation, viral infection, as well as various chemical and physical stresses. In humans, the gene is located on the q arm of chromosome 14.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
I-kappa-B-alpha; IkappaBalpha; ikB-alpha; IKBA; MAD-3; major histocompatibility complex enhancer-binding protein MAD3; NFKBI; nuclear factor of kappa light chain gene enhancer in B-cells; nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha
IKBA; MAD-3; MAD3; NFKBI; NFKBIA