This antibody recognizes an epitope in the D2 domain of CD50 (ICAM-3), a 120-130 kDa type I membrane protein (immunoglobulin supergene family) expressed on leukocytes, endothelial cells and Langerhans cells; it is negative on platelets and erythrocytes.
CD50 (intracellular adhesion molecule 3, ICAM-3) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed by leukocytes, that serves as a counter-receptor for the lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-1 integrin. Besides functioning as an adhesive molecule that mediates e.g. the contact between T cells and antigen presenting cells, ICAM-3 regulates affinity of LFA-1 for ICAM-1 and induces T cell activation and proliferation. ICAM-3 plays an essential role in the initiation of the immune response both on T cells and antigen presenting cells and interacts also with CD209 (dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3-grabbing nonintegrin, DC-SIGN), a C-type lectin of dendritic cells and macrophages; this process is involved in dialogue between dendritic cells and granulocytes.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD50; CDw50; ICAM-3; ICAM-R; Intercellular adhesion molecule 3; intercellular adhesion molecule-3
Gene Aliases: CD50; CDW50; ICAM-R; ICAM3
UniProt ID: (Human) P32942
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3385