Description: The XMG1.2 antibody reacts with mouse interferon (IFN) gamma. The XMG1.2 antibody is a neutralizing antibody. Mouse IFN gamma is a 20 kDa factor produced by activated T, B and NK cells, and is an anti-viral and anti-parasitic cytokine. IFN gamma, in synergy with other cytokines such as TNF alpha, inhibits proliferation of normal and transformed cells. Immunomodulatory effects of IFN gamma are exerted on a wide range of cell types expressing the high affinity receptors for IFN gamma. Glycosylation of IFN gamma does not affect its biological activity.
Applications Reported: This XMG1.2 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Our internal testing shows that Alexa Fluor 561 non-specifically stains B cells in Swiss Webster and SJL mice. Non-specific staining has not been observed in BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice. Other strains have not been tested. See the Antibody Testing Data for an example of this strain-dependent difference.
Applications Tested: This XMG1.2 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis of stimulated mouse splenocytes using the Intracellular Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Set (Product # 88-8824-00) and protocol. Please refer to "Staining Intracellular Antigens for Flow Cytometry, Protocol A: Two step protocol for intracellular (cytoplasmic) proteins" located at Flow Protocols. This may be used at less than or equal to 0.06 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Alexa Fluor 561 emits at 575 nm and is intended for use on spectral cytometers where it may be multiplexed with both PE and PE-eFluor 610.
Excitation: 558 nm; Emission: 575 nm; Laser: Yellow-Green Laser
IFN gamma (Interferon gamma, Type II interferon) is a macrophage activation factor, and immune interferon that is produced primarily by T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells in response to antigens, mitogens, Staphylococcus enterotoxin B, phytohemaglutanin and other cytokines. IFN gamma is a dimeric protein consisting of two 146 amino acid subunits. IFN gamma is a glycoprotein that exists, functionally, as a homodimer of approximately 45 kDa. On SDS-PAGE, IFN gamma appears as a combination of 25, 20 and minor 15.5 kDa bands as a result of differential glycosylation. The biological activity of the IFN gamma homodimer is highly species specific. Human IFN gamma does not show cross-reactivity with mouse. IFN gamma function includes the following: antiviral activity, tumor antiproliferative activity, induction of class I and II MHC, macrophage activation, and enhanced immunoglobulin secretion by B lymphocytes. IFN gamma is involved in cytokine regulation and also acts synergistically with other cytokines. Activation of IFN gamma takes place through binding of IFN gamma receptor I and II, and activating the JAK-STAT pathway. IFN gamma does not show any homology with IFN alpha or IFN beta but human IFN gamma shows about 40% sequence homology with mouse IFN gamma. IFN gamma is upregulated by IL2, FGF basic, EGF and downregulated by vitamin D3 or DMN. IFN gamma gene mutations are associated with aplastic anemia.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: gamma interferon; H-IFN-g; IFN γ; IFN-gamma; IFN-y; IFNγ; Interferon gamma; Interferon y; Interferon γ; Interferonγ; M-IFN-g; R-IFN-g
Gene Aliases: Ifg; IFN-g; Ifng
UniProt ID: (Mouse) P01580
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 15978