Description: The JES3-9D7 monoclonal antibody reacts with human interleukin-10 (IL-10).
Applications Reported: This JES3-9D7 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This JES3-9D7 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of stimulated normal human peripheral blood cells using the Intracellular Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Set (cat. 88-8824) and protocol. Please refer to Best Protocols: Protocol A: Two step protocol for (cytoplasmic) intracellular proteins located under the Resources Tab online. This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 775 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Interleukin 10 (IL-10, CSIF) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine mainly produced by macrophages and Th2 cells. IL-10 is an 18.6 kDa protein of 160 amino acid residues that shares over 80% sequence homology with the Epstein-Barr Virus protein (BCRFI). The reported biological activities of IL-10, which maybe interrelated, include inhibition of macrophage-mediated cytokine synthesis, suppression of the delayed-type hyper-sensitivity response, and stimulation of the Th2 cell response which results in elevated antibody production. IL-10 functions by inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines made by macrophages and regulatory T cells including IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, and IL-3, IL-4, and GM-CSF. IL-10 is also known to suppress antigen presentation on antigen presenting cells, enhances B cell survival, proliferation, and antibody production. IL-10 can block NF-kappa B activity, and is involved in the regulation of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway. While human IL-10 can act on murine cells, murine IL-10 cannot act on human cells. Binds to a retinoid X receptor (RXR) responsive element from the cellular retinol-binding protein II promoter (CRBPII-RXRE). IL-10 inhibits the 9-cis-retinoic acid-dependent RXR alpha transcription activation of the retinoic acid responsive element. Knockout studies in mice suggest the function of this cytokine as an essential immunoregulator in the intestinal tract.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CSIF; Cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor; H-IL-10; il 10; IL-10; ILN; Interleukin; Interleukin-10; Interleukin10; MGC126450; MGC126451; RP11-262N9.1; T-cell growth inhibitory factor
Gene Aliases: CSIF; GVHDS; IL-10; IL10; IL10A; TGIF
UniProt ID: (Human) P22301
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3586