Interleukin 2 (IL-2) is an immuno-modulatory cytokine that is important for the proliferation of activated T cells, differentiation of B cells, natural killer cells, monocytes and macrophages. IL-2 signals through the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R), a heterotrimeric protein complex whose gamma chain is also shared by interleukin 4 (IL-4) and interleukin 7 (IL-7). The expression of the IL-2 gene in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling the precise expression of a single gene. The targeted disruption of a gene similar to IL-2 in mice leads to an ulcerative colitis-like disease that suggests an essential role of this gene in the immune response to antigenic stimuli.
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Protein Aliases: aldesleukin; IL-2; Interleukin-2; involved in regulation of T-cell clonal expansion; T cell growth factor; T-cell growth factor; TCGF
Gene Aliases: IL-2; IL2; lymphokine; TCGF
UniProt ID: (Human) P60568
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3558