Description: This 23dcdp monoclonal antibody reacts with the p19 subunit of human IL-23. This heterodimeric cytokine is composed of two disulfide-linked subunits, p40 and p19. It is closely related to IL-12, with which it shares the p40 subunit. The IL-23 receptor is also heterodimeric and shares the IL-12R\beta1 chain with IL-12, while the IL-23R chain is unique to the IL-23 receptor complex. IL-23R signaling occurs through the Jak/STAT pathway and results in RORgammat expression, which promotes maintenance and proliferation of T helper 17 (Th17) cells. Dendritic cells and macrophages produce IL-23 in response to TLR2, TLR4, and TLR8 ligands, as well as agonists of the \beta-glucan receptor, Dectin-1. Our studies suggest donor, kinetics and type of stimulant can result in variation in IL-23 expression levels. Recent publications suggest the p19 subunit may also exist in the absence of association with p40.
Applications Reported: This 23dcdp antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This 23dcdp antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis of stimulated normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.03 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
PerCP-eFluor® 710 emits at 710 nm and is excited with the blue laser (488 nm); it can be used in place of PerCP-Cyanine5.5. We recommend using a 710/50 bandpass filter, however, the 695/40 bandpass filter is an acceptable alternative. Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 710 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
IL-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of the p40 subunit of IL-12 disulfide-linked with a protein p19. p19, like p35 of IL-12, is biologically inactive by itself. IL-23 interacts with IL-12Rbeta1 and an additional, novel beta2-like receptor subunit with STAT4 binding domain, termed IL-23R. IL-23 is secreted by activated mouse and human dendritic cells. Biological activities of mouse IL-23 are distinct from those of mouse IL-12. Mouse IL-23 was found not to induce significant amounts of IFN-γ. Mouse IL-23 does induce strong proliferation of memory T cells (but not naive T cells), whereas IL-12 has no effect on memory cells. Additionally, mouse IL-23 (but not IL-12) can activate mouse memory T cells to produce the proinflammatory cytokine IL-17. Human IL-23 has biological properties which are less distinct from human IL-12; human IL-23 induces proliferation of memory T cells and induces moderate levels of IFN-γ production by naive and memory T cells, as compared to IL-12.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: IL-23; IL-23 subunit alpha; IL-23-A; IL-23A; IL-23p19; IL23P19; interleukin 23 p19 subunit; interleukin 23, alpha subunit p19; Interleukin-23 subunit alpha; Interleukin-23 subunit p19; interleukin-six, G-CSF related factor; JKA3 induced upon T-cell activation; MGC79388; SGRF
Gene Aliases: IL-23; IL-23A; IL23A; IL23P19; P19; SGRF; UNQ2498/PRO5798
UniProt ID: (Human) Q9NPF7
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 51561