|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Published species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||A 16 amino acid peptide from near the carboxy terminus of human IRE1p.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 3 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||1 ug/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||2 ug/ml|
|Western Blot (WB)||0.5-2 µg/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Western Blot (WB)||See 1 publications below|
A suggested positive control is A-20 cell lysate.
PA5-20189 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-0319.
Accumulation of malfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the unfolded protein response (UPR) and the upregulation of the ER molecular chaperones GRP78 and GRP 94. These proteins are normally bound to ER transmembrane proteins such as IRE1p and ATF6 but ER stress causes their dissociation. This allows IRE1p, a serine-threonine protein kinase to transduce the unfolded protein signal from the ER to the nucleus. IRE1p also has an endoribonuclease activity that is required to splice X-box binding protein (XBP1) mRNA converting it to a potent UPR transcriptional activation. Depletion of IRE1p through the expression of a dominant negative form of IRE1p has no effect on transfected cells, but cell death via apoptosis occurs under stress conditions that cause unfolded proteins to accumulate in the ER. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Acetyl-l-carnitine prevents homocysteine-induced suppression of Nrf2/Keap1 mediated antioxidation in human lens epithelial cells.
PA5-20189 was used in western blot to prevent homocysteine-induced demethylation by administering acetyl-l-carnitine to human lens epithelial cells.
|Yang SP,Yang XZ,Cao GP||Molecular medicine reports (12:1145)||2015|