Recommended positive controls: human Jurkat cells, mouse L929 cells and rat L6 cells.
C-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) is also known as Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK8). It belongs to the MAPK superfamily of stress-activated protein kinases. MAPKs are Serine-threonine protein kinases that are activated in response to a variety of extracellular stimuli, and mediate signal transduction from the cell surface to the nucleus. JNK is involved in a wide variety of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development. JNK pathways are activated by stress and inflammatory signals. JNK is expressed as ten different isoforms due to differential mRNA splicing. The predominant forms are JNK1 and JNK2.
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Protein Aliases: c-Jun kinase 2; c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1; c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2; JNK; JNK-46; JNK-55; JNK/SAPK alpha; JNK1; JNK1 beta1 protein kinase; JNK1A2; JNK2; JNK21B1/2; Jun kinase; JUN N-terminal kinase; MAP kinase 8; MAP kinase 9; MAPK 8; MAPK 9; MAPK8; MAPK9; mitogen activated protein kinase 8; mitogen activated protein kinase 9; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 8; mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 isoform JNK1 alpha1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 isoform JNK1 beta2; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 9; p54 gamma; p54-alpha; PRKM8; PRKM9; protein kinase mitogen-activated 8; protein kinase, mitogen-activated 9; SAPK gamma; SAPK-alpha; SAPK1; SAPK1A; SAPK1c; stress activated protein kinase alpha II; stress-activated protein kinase 1; Stress-activated protein kinase 1a; Stress-activated protein kinase 1c; Stress-activated protein kinase JNK1; Stress-activated protein kinase JNK2
Gene Aliases: AI849689; AI851083; JNK; JNK-46; JNK-55; JNK1; JNK1A2; JNK2; JNK21B1/2; JNK2A; JNK2ALPHA; JNK2B; JNK2BETA; MAPK8; MAPK9; p54a; p54aSAPK; PRKM8; PRKM9; SAPK; SAPK1; SAPK1A; SAPK1C