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Immunofluorescence analysis of JunD was done on 70% confluent log phase HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 15 minutes, permeabilized with 0.25% Triton™ X-100 for 10 minutes, and blocked with 5% BSA for 1 hour at room temperature. The cells were labeled with JunD ABfinity™ Antibody (710701) at 5 µg/mL in 1% BSA and incubated for 3 hours at room temperature and then labeled with Alexa Flour 488 Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (A11008) at a dilution of 1:400 for 30 minutes at room temperature (Panel a: green). Nuclei (Panel b: blue) were stained with SlowFade® Gold Antifade Mountant with DAPI (S36938). F-actin (Panel c: red) was stained with Alexa Fluor 594 Phalloidin (A12381). Panel d is a merged image showing nuclear localization. Panel e shows no primary antibody control. The images were captured at 20X magnification.
|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Peptide, multiple (2-16, 132-149, 299-313)|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Store at 4°C short term. For long term storage, store at -20°C, avoiding freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|ChIP assay (ChIP)||3-5µg/ml|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||3-5µg/million cells|
|Western Blot (WB)||2-3µg/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
This antibody is predicted to react with monkey, sheep, mouse, rat, zebra fish and bovine based on sequence homology.
ABfinity™ recombinant oligoclonal antibodies are rabbit antibody pools generated from isolated DNA libraries. ABfinity™ antibodies are developed by immunizing animals, screening for functionality, cloning the immunogen-specific antibody genes into high-level mammalian expression vectors, produced on a large scale, and purified with Protein A.
ABfinity™ oligoclonal antibodies recognize multiple epitopes and therefore exhibit greater sensitivity and because ABfinity™ recombinant antibodies are derived from cloned DNA sequences of the heavy and light antibody chains, they are not susceptible to cell-line drift or lot-to-lot variation, thus allowing for peak specificity and performance.
JunD is a transcription factor which is coded by JUND gene. JunD transcriptional activity is modulated by phosphorylation in response to cellular stress via the c-Jun N terminal kinase (JNK)/Stress - Activated Protein Kinase (SAPK) family of protein kinase. Jun proteins are capable of forming dimers with Fos, ATF and CREB family transcription factors to form the AP-1 complex that differentially regulates a variety of target genes involved in cellular growth, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Also, JunD plays an important role in metabolism via modulation of IGF-1 signaling pathway.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
activator protein 1; AP1; jun D proto-oncogene; JunD-FL isoform