c-Kit, also known as mast/stem cell growth factor receptor (SCFR) or CD117, is a trans membrane type III tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by the c-Kit proto-oncogene, located on chromosome 4 in humans. It is expressed in hematopoietic stem cells, germ cells, mast cells and gastrointestinal tract cajal cells. Upon binding of its ligand stem cell factor (SCF), c-kit dimerizes, resulting in receptor activation and autophosphorylation of various tyrosine residues including tyrosine 703 located on the cytoplasmic domain of the receptor. This modification allows docking of Grb2 and activation of the Ras/ERK signaling pathway. SCF/c-kit can activate multiple downstream signaling pathways including PI3K, PLC-gamma and JAK/STAT. c-kit receptor activation is essential for hematopoiesis, stem cell maintenance and gametogenesis.
Protein Aliases: CD117; ckit; Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit; p145 c-kit; PBT; Piebald trait protein; Proto-oncogene c-Kit; proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Kit; SCFR; soluble KIT variant 1; Tyrosine-protein kinase Kit; v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog; v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene-like protein
Gene Aliases: C-Kit; CD117; KIT; PBT; SCFR
UniProt ID: (Human) P10721
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3815
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor