Description: The monoclonal antibody 20Raj1 recognizes the human Ki-67 protein. Two isoforms of Ki-67 exist, a 345 and 395 kDa form that are expressed in dividing cells. Ki-67 is expressed in all cell types and is detectable during active phases of the cell cycle (G1, S, G2, and mitosis) but is absent from resting cells (G0). During interphase, Ki-67 expression is localized to the nucleus but redistributes to the chromosomes during mitosis and has specifically been found to associate with heterochromatin-bound proteins such as chromobox protein homolog 3 (CBX3). In studies of tumor cells, Ki-67 expression has been used as a marker for determining the fraction of proliferating cells within a given population of tumor cells.
This monoclonal antibody 20Raj1 recognizes canine Ki-67.
Applications Reported: This 20Raj1 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis, immunohistochemical staining, and immunocytochemistry.
Applications Tested: This 20Raj1 antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of stimulated normal human peripheral blood cells using the Foxp3/Transcription Factor Staining Buffer Set (cat. 00-5523) and protocol. Please see Best Protocols Section (Staining intracellular Antigens for Flow Cytometry) for staining protocol (refer to Protocol B: One-step protocol for intracellular (nuclear) proteins). This can be used at 5 µL (0.06 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 520 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Ki-67 is a nuclear protein that is expressed during various stages in the cell cycle, particularly during late G1, S, G2, and M phases. The protein has a forkhead associated domain (FHA) through which it associates with euchromatin at the perichromosomal layer, the centromeric heterochromatin, and the nucleolus. Ki-67 is shown to have a cell cycle dependent topographical distribution with perinucleolar expression at G1, expression in the nuclear matrix at G2, and expression on the chromosomes during M phase. Ki-67 is commonly used as a proliferation marker because it is not detected in G0 cells, but increases steadily from G1 through mitosis. Ki-67 antibodies are useful in establishing the cell growing fraction in neoplasms. In neoplastic tissues, the prognostic value is comparable to the tritiated thymidine-labelling index. The correlation between low Ki-67 index and histologically low-grade tumors is strong. Ki-67 is routinely used as a neuronal marker of cell cycling and proliferation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Antigen identified by monoclonal antibody Ki-67; Antigen KI-67; Proliferation marker protein Ki-67; proliferation-related Ki-67 antigen; protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 105; RP11-380J17.2
Gene Aliases: KIA; MIB-; MIB-1; MKI67; PPP1R105
UniProt ID: (Human) P46013