Description: The monoclonal antibody SolA15 recognizes mouse and rat Ki-67, a 300 kDa nuclear protein. Ki-67 is present during all active phases of the cell cycle (G1, S, G2, and mitosis), but is absent from resting cells (G0). Ki-67 is detected within the nucleus during interphase but redistributes to the chromosomes during mitosis. Ki-67 is used as a marker for determining the growth fraction of a given population of cells. In studies of tumor cells, the "Ki-67 labeling index" refers to the number of Ki-67 positive cells within the population and this is used to predict outcome of particular cancer types. Ki-67 has been shown to interact with the DNA-bound protein chromobox protein homolog 3 (CBX3) (heterochromatin).
The SolA15 antibody also recognizes human, non-human primate and canine Ki-67.
Applications Reported: This SolA15 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This SolA15 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of mouse splenocytes using the Foxp3/Transcription Factor Staining Buffer Set (cat. 00-5523) and protocol. Refer to Best Protocols for Staining Protocol (refer to Protocol B: One-step protocol for intracellular (nuclear) proteins). This can be used at less than or equal to 0.125 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
PE-eFluor® 610 can be excited with laser lines from 488-561 nm and emits at 607 nm. We recommend using a 610/20 band pass filter (equivalent to PE-Texas Red®). Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochome.
Light sensitivity: This tandem dye is sensitive to photo-induced oxidation. Please protect this vial and stained samples from light.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL of cell sample + 100 µL of IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488-561 nm; Emission: 607 nm; Laser: Blue Laser, Green Laser, Yellow-Green Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
Ki-67 is a nuclear protein that is expressed during various stages in the cell cycle, particularly during late G1, S, G2, and M phases. The protein has a forkhead associated domain (FHA) through which it associates with euchromatin at the perichromosomal layer, the centromeric heterochromatin, and the nucleolus. Ki-67 is shown to have a cell cycle dependent topographical distribution with perinucleolar expression at G1, expression in the nuclear matrix at G2, and expression on the chromosomes during M phase. Ki-67 is commonly used as a proliferation marker because it is not detected in G0 cells, but increases steadily from G1 through mitosis. Ki-67 antibodies are useful in establishing the cell growing fraction in neoplasms. In neoplastic tissues, the prognostic value is comparable to the tritiated thymidine-labelling index. The correlation between low Ki-67 index and histologically low-grade tumors is strong. Ki-67 is routinely used as a neuronal marker of cell cycling and proliferation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Antigen identified by monoclonal antibody Ki-67; Antigen identified by monoclonal antibody Ki-67 homolog; Antigen KI-67; Antigen KI-67 homolog; KIA; Proliferation marker protein Ki-67; proliferation-related Ki-67 antigen; protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 105; RP11-380J17.2
Gene Aliases: D630048A14Rik; Ki-67; Ki67; KIA; MIB-; MIB-1; MKI67; PPP1R105