Description: The FNLAP monoclonal antibody reacts with human latency associated peptide (LAP, pro-TGF beta 1, LAP/TGF beta 1). Many different cells produce TGF beta and it mediates effects on the proliferation, differentiation and function of many cell types. TGF beta is synthesized as a precursor that contains LAP at the N-terminus and mature TGF beta at the C-terminus. Processing and cleavage of the precursor protein between amino acids 278 and 279 results in the formation of LAP dimers and TGF beta dimers that then non-covalently associate with each other to form the small latent TGF beta complex. LAP is secreted and can be found in the extracellular matrix. In addition, LAP can also be expressed on platelets and activated regulatory T cells. It is believed that this surface-expressed LAP is due to the binding of LAP to GARP (LRRC32), which is a transmembrane protein that is also found at high levels on platelets and activated regulatory T cells.
Applications Reported: This FNLAP antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis.
Applications Tested: This FNLAP antibody has been pre-titrated and tested by flow cytometric analysis of stimulated normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at 5 µL (0.125 µg) per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test.
PerCP-eFluor® 710 emits at 710 nm and is excited with the blue laser (488 nm); it can be used in place of PerCP-Cyanine5.5. We recommend using a 710/50 bandpass filter, however, the 695/40 bandpass filter is an acceptable alternative. Please make sure that your instrument is capable of detecting this fluorochrome.
Fixation: Samples can be stored in IC Fixation Buffer (cat. 00-8222) (100 µL cell sample + 100 µL IC Fixation Buffer) or 1-step Fix/Lyse Solution (cat. 00-5333) for up to 3 days in the dark at 4°C with minimal impact on brightness and FRET efficiency/compensation. Some generalizations regarding fluorophore performance after fixation can be made, but clone specific performance should be determined empirically.
Excitation: 488 nm; Emission: 710 nm; Laser: Blue Laser.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
TGF beta-1 is a polypeptide member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of cytokines, found almost ubiquitously in tissues. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-b is stored in the extracellular matrix as a latent complex with its prodomain. Activation of TGF-b1 requires the binding of aV integrin to an RGD sequence in the prodomain and exertion of force on this domain, which is held in the extracellular matrix by latent TGF-b binding proteins. Latent forms are complexes of TGF-beta, an aminoterminal portion of the TGF-beta precursor, designated TGF-LAP (TGF-latency associated peptide), and a specific binding protein, known as LTBP.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: LAP; Latency-associated peptide; prepro-transforming growth factor beta-1; TGF-beta-1; Transforming growth factor beta-1; Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein
Gene Aliases: CED; DPD1; LAP; TGFB; TGFB1; TGFbeta
UniProt ID: (Human) P01137
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 7040
Molecular Function: growth factor