Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
The leptin (OB-R) receptor is a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily which plays an important role in mammalian body weight homeostasis and energy balance. Ligand-induced activation of the OB-R by the adipose tissue-secreted hormone, leptin, appears to activate downstream signaling events through the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway. Leptin can homo-dimerize OB-R extracellular domains while downstream signaling events are initiated upon homo-dimerization of OB-R intracellular domains. Several isoforms of the OB-R which differ in length and signaling capabilities have been reported. RNA transcripts encoding the OB-R long form have been found in the choroid plexus and in the hypothalamus which has been proposed as a control center for satiety and energy expenditure. Mutations in either the mouse OB-R (db) or leptin (ob) genes have been shown to result in early-onset obesity. Metabolic abnormalities attributable to these genotypes include hypercorticoidemia, hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, altered CNS activity, reduced metabolic rate of brown adipose tissue, and a large increase in white adipose tissue.
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Protein Aliases: B219; CD antigen CD295; CD295; CD295 antigen; HuB219; HuB219.2; LEP-R; Leptin receptor; Leptin receptor (fatty); leptin receptor gene-related protein; OB receptor; OB-R
Gene Aliases: CD295; DB; diabetes; Fa; LEP-R; LEPR; Leprb; LEPRD; LEPROT; Modb1; OB-R; OB-RGRP; obese-like; obl; OBR
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor