Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), also known as thyrotropin, is secreted from cells in the anterior pituitary called thyrotrophs, finds its receptors on epithelial cells in the thyroid gland, and stimulates that gland to synthesize and release thyroid hormones. TSH is a glycoprotein hormone composed of two subunits which are non-covalently bound to one another.
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Protein Aliases: Anterior pituitary glycoprotein hormones common subunit alpha; CG-alpha; Choriogonadotropin alpha chain; Chorionic gonadotrophin subunit alpha; chorionic gonadotropin, alpha polypeptide; Follicle-stimulating hormone alpha chain; follicle-stimulating hormone alpha subunit; Follitropin alpha chain; FSH-alpha; Glycoprotein hormones alpha chain; hTSH; LSH-alpha; Luteinizing hormone alpha chain; Lutropin alpha chain; thyroid stimulating hormone, beta; Thyroid-stimulating hormone alpha chain; Thyroid-stimulating hormone subunit beta; Thyrotropin alfa; Thyrotropin alpha chain; Thyrotropin beta chain; Thyrotropin subunit beta; TSH-alpha; TSH-B
Gene Aliases: CG-ALPHA; CGA; FSHA; GPHa; GPHA1; HCG; LHA; TSH-B; TSH-BETA; TSHA; TSHB