Sequence of this protein is as follows: MPMFIVNTNV PRASVPDGFL SELTQQLAQA TGKPPQYIAV HVVPDQLMAF GGSSEPCALC SLHSIGKIGG AQNRSYSKLL CGLLAERLRI SPDRVYINYY DMNAANVGWN NSTFA
MIF (macrophage migration inhibitory factor) was one of the first cytokine activities to be discovered and was initially described as a T cell-derived factor that inhibits the random migration of macrophages (Weiser 1989). Recently, MIF was rediscovered as a pituitary hormone that act as the counterregulatory hormone for glucocorticoid action within the immune system (Bernhagen 1993, Mitchell 1995). MIF was released from macrophages and T cells in response to physiological concentrations of glucocorticoids. The secreted MIF counter-regulates the immunosuppressive effects of steroids on immune cell activation and cytokine production (Bucala 1998). MIF plays a critical role in the host control of inflammation and immunity.
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Protein Aliases: GIF; Glycosylation-inhibiting factor; HGNC:7097; L-dopachrome isomerase; L-dopachrome tautomerase; Macrophage migration inhibitory factor; MGC107654; MIF; Phenylpyruvate tautomerase
Gene Aliases: GIF; GLIF; MIF; MMIF
UniProt ID: (Human) P14174
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 4282
Molecular Function: decarboxylase