ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters belong to an evolutionarily conserved family of proteins that catalyze the transport of molecules across extra- and intracellular membranes through the energy of ATP hydrolysis. ABC genes comprise seven subfamilies, designated ABC1, MDR/TAP, MRP, ALD, OABP, GCN20 and White. The complete human ABCC subfamily has 12 identified members (ABCC1-12), nine from the multidrug resistance-like subgroup, two from the sulfonylurea receptor subgroup, and the CFTR gene. The human ABCC11 gene maps to chromosome 16q12.1 and encodes a 1,382 amino acid protein. The human ABCC12 gene maps to chromosome 16q12.1 and encodes a 1,359 amino acid protein. Transcripts of ABCC11 and ABCC12 genes are present in various adult human tissues, including liver, lung and kidney, and also in several fetal tissues. Their chromosomal localization, potential function and expression patterns identify them as candidates for paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis, a disorder characterized by attacks of involuntary movements and postures, chorea and dystonia. Other inherited disorders where ABC transporters are implicated include cystic fibrosis, neurological disease, retinal degeneration, cholesterol and bile transport defects, anemia and drug response.
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Protein Aliases: CAGA; calgranulin A; Calgranulin-A; Calprotectin L1L subunit; CFAG; Chemotactic cytokine CP-10; chemotactic S100 protein; Cystic fibrosis antigen; Leukocyte L1 complex light chain; Migration inhibitory factor-related protein 8; MRP-8; MRP8; p8; Pro-inflammatory S100 cytokine; Protein S100-A8; Protein S100-A8, N-terminally processed; S100 calcium binding protein A8 (calgranulin A); S100 calcium-binding protein A8; S100 calcium-binding protein A8 (calgranulin A); S100A8; Urinary stone protein band A
Gene Aliases: 60B8AG; AI323541; B8Ag; CAGA; CFAG; CGLA; CP-10; L1Ag; MA387; MIF; MRP8; NIF; P8; S100A8