Variant histone H2A which replaces conventional H2A in a subset of nucleosomes where it represses transcription. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling. May be involved in stable X chromosome inactivation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Core histone macro-H2A.2; core histone macroH2A2.2; H2A histone family, member Y2; Histone macroH2A2; histone mH2A2; mH2A2
Gene Aliases: H2AFY2; MACROH2A2
UniProt ID: (Human) Q9P0M6
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 55506