POU5F1, also commonly known as Oct-4, is a maternally expressed octamer-binding protein that was the first transcription factor described for the early stages of development. The role of POU5F1 in embryonic development suggested that it might be useful in the creation of stem cells that might be useful in cell replacement therapies in the treatment of several degenerative diseases. Artificial stem cells, termed induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, can be created by expressing POU5F1 and the transcription factors Sox2, Klf4 and Lin28 along with c-Myc in mouse fibroblasts. More recently, experiments have demonstrated that iPS cells could be generated using expression plasmids expressing POU5F1, Sox2, KlfF4 and c-Myc, eliminating the need for virus introduction, thereby addressing a safety concern for potential use of iPS cells in regenerative medicine.
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Protein Aliases: 3-Oct; 4-Oct; DADB-104B20.2; gp-9; HGNC:9221; MGC22487; NF-A3; Oct-3; Oct-4; Octamer-binding protein 3; Octamer-binding protein 4; Octamer-binding transcription factor 3; OTF-3; OTTHUMP00000221150; OTTHUMP00000221151; POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcript variant OCT4B1; POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcript variant OCT4B2; POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcript variant OCT4B3; POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcript variant OCT4B4; POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcript variant OCT4B5; POU class 5 homeobox 1 transcript variant OCT4B6; POU domain class 5 transcription factor 1; POU domain transcription factor OCT4; POU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1; pou-2; POU-type homeodomain-containing DNA-binding protein; pou2
Gene Aliases: NF-A3; Oct-3; Oct-3/4; Oct-4; OCT3; Oct3/4; OCT4; OTF-3; Otf-4; OTF3; Otf3-rs7; Otf3g; OTF4; POU5F1