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Immunofluorescent staining of HEK293 cells using PA5-19474, anti-PADI2 / PAD2 antibody. The cells were fixed with PFA (4%)for 10 minutes, permabilised PBS-T for 20 minutes and exposed to the primary antibody at a concentration of 5 ug/ml for 1 hour at room temp. A solution of BSA (1%), normal goat serum (10%) and glycine (0.3 M) was used to quench autofluorescence and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The secondary antibody was a 448 fluorescence conjugated Goat anti-rabbit IgG (green) at a dilution of 1:1000. A WGA- 594 fluorescent conjugated stain was used to label plasma membranes (red) and the nuclei stain was DAPI (blue).
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Rat|
|Published species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide conjugated to KLH derived from within residues 100 - 200 of Human PADI2 / PAD2.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.4, with 1% BSA|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Store at 4°C short term. For long term storage, store at -20°C, avoiding freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||1:10|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||5 µg/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||5 µg/ml|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:100|
|Western Blot (WB)||1 µg/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||See 1 publications below|
For Western Blot, this antibody has non-specific bands at 34 kDa.
Heat mediated antigen retrieval recommended prior to tissue staining.
This gene encodes a member of the peptidyl arginine deiminase family of enzymes, which catalyze the post-translational deimination of proteins by converting arginine residues into citrullines in the presence of calcium ions. The family members have distinct substrate specificities and tissue-specific expression patterns. The type II enzyme is the most widely expressed family member. Known substrates for this enzyme include myelin basic protein in the central nervous system and vimentin in skeletal muscle and macrophages. This enzyme is thought to play a role in the onset and progression of neurodegenerative human disorders, including Alzheimer disease and multiple sclerosis, and it has also been implicated in glaucoma pathogenesis. This gene exists in a cluster with four other paralogous genes.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Posttranslational Protein Modification in the Salivary Glands of Sjögren's Syndrome Patients.
PA5-19474 was used in immunohistochemistry to study the expression of peptidylarginine deaminase-2 and the presence of citrullinated proteins in Sjögren's syndrome salivary glands
|Herrera-Esparza R,Rodríguez-Rodríguez M,Pérez-Pérez ME,Badillo-Soto MA,Torres-Del-Muro F,Bollain-Y-Goytia JJ,Pacheco-Tovar D,Avalos-Díaz E||Autoimmune diseases (2013:null)||2013|
peptidyl arginine deiminase, type 2; peptidyl arginine deiminase, type II; peptidylarginine deiminase II; protein arginine deiminase; protein-arginine deiminase type II; protein-arginine deiminase type-2; RP1-37C10.6, KIAA0994, PAD-H19, PAD2, PDI2, peptidlyarginine deiminase type II
KIAA0994; PAD-H19; PAD2; PADI2; Pdi; PDI2