Immunofluorescence analysis of 4EBP1 [pT46] was done on 70% confluent log phase HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 15 minutes, permeabilized with 0.25% Triton™ X-100 for 10 minutes, and blocked with 5% BSA for 1 hour at room temperature. The cells were labeled with 4EBP1 [pT46] Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (441170G) at 1:250 dilution in 1% BSA and incubated for 3 hours at room temperature and then labeled with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Superclonal™ Secondary Antibody, Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugate (Product # A27034) at a dilution of 1:2000 for 45 minutes at room temperature (Panel a: green). Nuclei (Panel b: blue) were stained with SlowFade® Gold Antifade Mountant with DAPI (S36938). F-actin (Panel c: red) was stained with Rhodamine Phalloidin (Product # R415, 1:300). Panel d is a merged image showing Nuclear localization. Panel e is a no primary antibody control. The images were captured at 60X magnification.
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse|
|Published species reactivity||Pig|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||The antiserum was produced against a chemically synthesized phosphopeptide derived from the region of human 4E-BP1 that contains threonine 46. The sequence is conserved in human, mouse and rat.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Storage buffer||Dulbecco's PBS, pH 7.3, with 1mg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol|
|Contains||0.05% sodium azide|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||1:20|
|Western Blot (WB)||Assay Dependent|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Western Blot (WB)||See 1 publications below|
Eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), also known as PHAS, is a ~20 kDa member of a family of eIF4E-binding proteins whose binding affinity to eIF4E is regulated by its phosphorylation. It inhibits cap-dependent translation by binding to eIF4E on the same site that overlaps the binding site for eIF4G, preventing its binding to the latter and eventually leading to an increase in mRNA translation. The phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 is critical in determining cell fate by controlling translation initiation and apoptotic potency. 4E-BP1 is hyperphosphorylated in response to several external stimuli including hormones, growth factors, mitogens, cytokines and G-protein–coupled receptors and in response to stress conditions including nutrient deprivation. The phosphorylation of these sites is believed to occur in an orderly fashion where phosphorylation of threonine 37 and 46 by FRAP/mTOR is a priming step for subsequent phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 at the carboxy-terminal sites. Under normoxic conditions, increased VEGF expression, resulting from inhibition of 4E-BP1, contributes to efficient angiogenesis and metastatic brain growth through activated integrin alphav beta3.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Impact of prolonged leucine supplementation on protein synthesis and lean growth in neonatal pigs.
44-1170G was used in western blot to test if prolonged enteral leucine supplementation improves lean growth in neonatal pigs fed a restricted protein diet.
|Columbus DA,Steinhoff-Wagner J,Suryawan A,Nguyen HV,Hernandez-Garcia A,Fiorotto ML,Davis TA||American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism (309:E601)||2015|