AKT, also known as protein kinase B (PKB), is a 57 kDa serine/threonine protein kinase. There are three mammalian isoforms of Akt: AKT1 (PKB alpha), AKT2 (PKB beta) and AKT3 (PKB gamma) with AKT2 and AKT3 being approximately 82% identical with the AKT1 isoform. Each isoform has a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, a kinase domain and a carboxy terminal regulatory domain. AKT was originally cloned from the retrovirus AKT8, and is a key regulator of many signal transduction pathways. Its tight control over cell proliferation and cell viability are manifold; overexpression or inappropriate activation of AKT has been seen in many types of cancer.
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Protein Aliases: AKT1; AKT1 kinase; AKT1m; Akt1m protein; AKT2; AKT3; murine thymoma viral (v-akt) oncogene homolog 1; PKB; PKB alpha; PKBG; Protein kinase B; Protein kinase B alpha; protein kinase B-alpha; Proto-oncogene c-Akt; RAC; rac protein kinase alpha; RAC protein kinase alpha RAC-PK alpha; RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAC-PK-alpha; related to A and C kinases; serine-threonine protein kinase; Thymoma viral proto-oncogene; thymoma viral proto-oncogene 1; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene-like protein 1
Gene Aliases: AKT; AKT1; CWS6; PKB; PKB-ALPHA; PKB/Akt; PKBalpha; PRKBA; RAC; RAC-ALPHA
Molecular Function: annexin calcium-binding protein calmodulin intracellular calcium-sensing protein kinase non-receptor serine/threonine protein kinase protein kinase transfer/carrier protein transferase