This Antibody was verified by Cell Treatment to ensure that the antibody binds to the antigen stated. View Details
AKT1 is one of 3 closely related serine/threonine-protein kinases (AKT1, AKT2 and AKT3) called the AKT kinase, and which regulate many processes including metabolism, proliferation, cell survival, growth and angiogenesis. This is mediated through serine and/or threonine phosphorylation of a range of downstream substrates. Over 100 substrate candidates have been reported so far, but for most of them, no isoform specificity has been reported. AKT is responsible of the regulation of glucose uptake by mediating insulin-induced translocation of the SLC2A4/GLUT4 glucose transporter to the cell surface. Phosphorylation of PTPN1 at 'Ser-50' negatively modulates its phosphatase activity preventing dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor and the attenuation of insulin signaling. Phosphorylation of TBC1D4 triggers the binding of this effector to inhibitory 14-3-3 proteins, which is required for insulin-stimulated glucose transport. AKT regulates also the storage of glucose in the form of glycogen by phosphorylating GSK3A at 'Ser-21' and GSK3B at 'Ser-9', resulting in inhibition of its kinase activity.
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Protein Aliases: AKT; AKT1m; C-AKT; EC 184.108.40.206; kinase Akt1; PKB; PKB alpha; PKB-alpha; Protein kinase B; Protein kinase B alpha; Proto-oncogene c-Akt; RAC; rac protein kinase alpha; RAC-alpha serine/threonine kinase; RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAC-PK-alpha; serine-threonine protein kinase; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene-like protein 1
Gene Aliases: AKT; AKT1; CWS6; PKB; PKB-ALPHA; PRKBA; RAC; RAC-ALPHA
UniProt ID: (Human) P31749
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 207
Molecular Function: annexin calcium-binding protein calmodulin intracellular calcium-sensing protein kinase non-receptor serine/threonine protein kinase protein kinase transfer/carrier protein transferase