The protein encoded by this gene is a catalytic subunit of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a heterotrimer consisting of an alpha catalytic subunit, and non-catalytic beta and gamma subunits. AMPK is an important energy-sensing enzyme that monitors cellular energy status. In response to cellular metabolic stresses, AMPK is activated, and thus phosphorylates and inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and beta-hydroxy beta-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), key enzymes involved in regulating de novo biosynthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this catalytic subunit may control whole-body insulin sensitivity and is necessary for maintaining myocardial energy homeostasis during ischemia.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-1; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic alpha-1 chain; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic alpha-2 chain; AAPK2; ACACA kinase; Acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase; AMP -activate kinase alpha 1 subunit; AMP-activated protein kinase; AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 subunit variant 2; AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 subunit variant 3; AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 variant B; AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha 1 catalytic subunit; AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic, alpha-1; AMPK alpha 1; AMPK alpha 2; AMPK alpha-1 chain; AMPK alpha-2 chain; AMPK subunit alpha-1; AMPK subunit alpha-2; AMPK-alpha-1 chain; AMPK-alpha-2 chain; HMGCR kinase; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase kinase; pAMPK; prkaa2; protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 1 catalytic subunit; protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 2 catalytic subunit; Tau-protein kinase PRKAA1
Gene Aliases: 2310008I11Rik; A830082D05; AI194361; AI450832; AL024255; AMPK; AMPK1; AMPK2; AMPKa1; AMPKa2; AMPKalpha1; AMPKalpha2; C130083N04Rik; PRKAA; PRKAA1; PRKAA2