A suggested positive control for Western blot is C2C12 cells; suggested positive control for IHC is human lung carcinoma.
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the ser/thr protein kinase family. It is the catalytic subunit of the 5'-prime-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a cellular energy sensor conserved in all eukaryotic cells. The kinase activity of AMPK is activated by the stimuli that increase the cellular AMP/ATP ratio. AMPK regulates the activities of a number of key metabolic enzymes through phosphorylation. It protects cells from stresses that cause ATP depletion by switching off ATP-consuming biosynthetic pathways. It may regulate the Wnt signaling pathway by phosphorylating CTNNB1, leading to stabilize it. Also has tau-protein kinase activity: in response to amyloid beta A4 protein (APP) exposure, activated by CAMKK2, leading to phosphorylation of MAPT/TAU. Also phosphorylates CFTR, EEF2K, KLC1, NOS3 and SLC12A1. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed.
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Protein Aliases: 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-1; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-2; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic alpha-1 chain; 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic alpha-2 chain; AAPK2; ACACA kinase; Acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase; alpha 2 catalytic subunit; AMP -activate kinase alpha 1 subunit; AMP-activated; AMP-activated protein kinase; AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 subunit variant 2; AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 subunit variant 3; AMP-activated protein kinase alpha-2 variant B; AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha 1 catalytic subunit; AMP-activated protein kinase, catalytic, alpha-1; AMPK; AMPK alpha 1; AMPK alpha 2; AMPK alpha-1 chain; AMPK alpha-2 chain; AMPK subunit alpha-1; AMPK subunit alpha-2; AMPK-alpha-2 chain; AMPK2; AMPKa2; catalytic alpha-2 chain; HMGCR kinase; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase kinase; pAMPK; PRKAA; PRKAA2; protein kinase; protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 1 catalytic subunit; protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 2 catalytic subunit; Tau-protein kinase PRKAA1
Gene Aliases: 2310008I11Rik; A830082D05; AI194361; AI450832; AL024255; AMPK; AMPK1; AMPK2; AMPKa1; AMPKa2; AMPKalpha1; AMPKalpha2; C130083N04Rik; PRKAA; PRKAA1; PRKAA2