Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
MAP kinases, also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), act as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals, and are involved in a wide variety of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development. The activation of this kinase requires its phosphorylation by upstream kinases. The p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) are members of mitogen-activated kinases (MAPKs) of serine/threonine protein kinases. Phospho ERK1/2 can be activated by a range of extracellular stimuli, such as mitogen, growth factors, neurotransmitters, chemokines, and cytokines, through receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), or protein kinase C (PKC). Upstream MEK1 and MEK2 activate p44 and p42 (phospho ERK1/2) through phosphorylation of activation loop residues Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187, respectively. p44/42 (ERK1/2) are negatively regulated by a family of dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) MAPK phosphatases, known as DUSPs or MKPs, along with MEK inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: ERK-1; ERK-2; ERT1; ERT2; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2; extracellular signal-related kinase 1; Insulin-stimulated MAP2 kinase; MAP kinase 1; MAP kinase 2; MAP kinase 3; MAP kinase isoform p42; MAP kinase isoform p44; MAPK 1; MAPK 2; Microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase; mitogen activated protein kinase 1; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 2; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 3; MNK1; p42-MAPK; p44 MAP kinase; p44-ERK1; p44-MAPK; pp42/MAP kinase; protein tyrosine kinase ERK2
Gene Aliases: 9030612K14Rik; AA407128; AU018647; C78273; ERK; ERK-1; ERK-2; ERK1; ERK2; ERT1; ERT2; Esrk1; HS44KDAP; HUMKER1A; Mapk; MAPK1; MAPK2; MAPK3; Mnk1; Mtap2k; p38; p40; p41; p41mapk; p42-MAPK; P42MAPK; p44; p44-ERK1; p44-MAPK; P44ERK1; P44MAPK; PRKM1; PRKM2; PRKM3