This Antibody was verified by Cell Treatment to ensure that the antibody binds to the antigen stated. View Details
This antibody detects endogenous protein at a molecular weight of 42 and 44 kDa.
Purity is >95% by SDS-PAGE.
The activation of signal transduction pathways by growth factors, hormones and neurotransmitters is mediated through two closely related MAP kinases, p44 and p42, designated extracellular-signal related kinase 1 (ERK 1) and ERK 2, respectively. ERK proteins are regulated by dual phosphorylation at Tyrosine 204 and 187 and Threonine 177 and 160 residues mapping within a characteristic Thr-Glu-Tyr motif. Phosphorylation at both the Threonine 202 and Tyrosine 204 residues of ERK 1 and Threonine 185 and Tyrosine 187 residues of ERK 2 is required for full enzymatic activation. The structural consequences of dual phosphorylation in ERK 2 include active site closure, alignment of key catalytic residues that interact with ATP, and remodeling of the activation loop. In response to activation, MAP kinases phosphorylate downstream components on serine and threonine. Upstream MAP kinase regulators include MAP kinase kinase (MEK), MEK kinase and Raf-1. The ERK family has three additional members: ERK 3, ERK 5 and ERK 6.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: ERK-1; ERK-2; ERK1; ERK2; ERT1; ERT2; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2; extracellular signal-related kinase 1; extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 2; Insulin-stimulated MAP2 kinase; MAP kinase 1; MAP kinase 2; MAP kinase 3; MAP kinase isoform p42; MAP kinase isoform p44; MAPK 1; MAPK 2; MAPK 3; MAPK1; MAPK3; Microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase; mitogen activated protein kinase 1; mitogen-activated 3; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 2; Mitogen-activated protein kinase 3; MNK1; p42-MAPK; p44 MAP kinase; p44-ERK1; p44-MAPK; pp42/MAP kinase; PRKM1; PRKM2; PRKM3; protein tyrosine kinase ERK2
Gene Aliases: 9030612K14Rik; AA407128; AU018647; C78273; ERK; ERK-1; ERK-2; ERK1; ERK2; ERT1; ERT2; Esrk1; HS44KDAP; HUMKER1A; Mapk; MAPK1; MAPK2; MAPK3; MNK1; Mtap2k; p38; p40; p41; p41mapk; p42-MAPK; P42MAPK; p44; p44-ERK1; p44-MAPK; P44ERK1; P44MAPK; PRKM1; PRKM2; PRKM3