Immunogen sequence: FKSIM; Positive Samples: HeLa; Cellular Location: Cytoplasm, Nucleus
The transcription factor NFkB is widely recognized as a critical mediator of immune and inflammatory responses. In most cell types, NFkB is found in the cytoplasm where it is associated with an inhibitory protein known as IkB. An impressive variety of stimuli (tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 1, T-cell activation signals, bacterial endotoxins, viral transforming proteins, certain growth factors and reactive oxygen intermediates) lead to the rapid nuclear assumulation of NFkB by the induced phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of IkB. In the nucleus, NFkB regulates genes encoding cytokines, cytokine receptors, cell adhesion molecules, proteins involved in coagulation and genes involved in cell growth control. Additionally, NFkB is thought to be an important transcriptional regulator for HIV. Growing evidence indicates that the dysregulation of NFkB may be key to a number of diseases including arthritis and other inflammatory diseases, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, and cancer.
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Protein Aliases: avian reticuloendotheliosis viral (v-rel) oncogene homolog A; NF-kappa-B p65delta3; NF-kappa-B transcription factor p65; nf?b; Nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p65 subunit; Nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells 3; p65 NF kappaB; p65 NF-kappa B; p65 NFkB; Transcription factor p65; v-rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog A; v-rel reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog A
Gene Aliases: NFKB3; p65; RELA