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|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Peptide sequence around phosphorylation site of threonine 446 (K-R-T(p)-R-S) derived from Human PKR.|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.4, with 50% glycerol, 150mM NaCl|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:50-1:100|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:500-1:1000|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
A suggested positive control for Western blot is K562 cells; suggested positive control for IHC is human colon carcinoma; suggested positive control for ICC/IF is Hela cells.
PRKR, a 68KDa protein, is an IFN-induced serine/threonine protein kinase consisting of two N-terminal RNA-binding regulatory domains and a functional C-terminal serine/threonine protein kinase domain. Activated by dsRNA produced during viral infections, it plays a key role in IFN induced-innate antiviral response, virus-induced apoptosis, cell growth & differentiation. Upon activation, PRKR gets autophosphorylated and catalyzes the phosphorylation of elF2 alpha subunit, which leads to an inhibition of protein synthesis. It induces apoptosis by up-regulating Fas expression and mediates FADD/Caspase-8 death signaling pathway. Upon viral infection, it functions as a dual protein, sequentially activating both cell survival & cell death pathways using kinase independent and dependent strategies. PRKR regulates multiple pathways which include NF-kappaB activation, p53, p38, & PDGF signaling pathway. Its role has been implicated in tumor suppression & malignancy.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
double stranded RNA activated protein kinase; dsRNA-activated kinase; EC 184.108.40.206; eIF-2 alpha; eIF-2A protein kinase 2; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 2; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 2; IFN- type I-induced and dsRNA-activated kinase; IFN-induced and double-stranded RNA-activated kinase; interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase; interferon-inducible elF2alpha kinase; interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase; P1/eIF-2A protein kinase; p68 kinase; PKR; protein kinase R; protein kinase RNA-activated; protein kinase, interferon inducible double stranded RNA dependent; protein kinase, interferon-inducible double stranded RNA dependent; protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 83; serine/threonine-protein kinase TIK; T-cell viral integration site; tyrosine-protein kinase EIF2AK2
2310047A08Rik; 4732414G15Rik; AI467567; AI747578; EIF2AK1; EIF2AK2; PKR; PPP1R83; PRKR; Tik