This gene encodes a member of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subfamily of nuclear receptors. PPARs form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and these heterodimers regulate transcription of various genes. Three subtypes of PPARs are known: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-delta, and PPAR-gamma. The protein encoded by this gene is PPAR-gamma and is a regulator of adipocyte differentiation. Additionally, PPAR-gamma has been implicated in the pathology of numerous diseases including obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been described.
Protein Aliases: HUMPPARG; Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3; OTTHUMP00000185032; OTTHUMP00000185036; peroxisome proliferator; peroxisome proliferator activated receptor; peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma; peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma 2; peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma 4; peroxisome proliferator activator receptor, gamma; peroxisome proliferator-activated nuclear receptor gamma variant 1; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma; PPAR gamma; PPAR-gamma; PPARy
Gene Aliases: CIMT1; GLM1; NR1C3; PPAR-gamma; PPAR-gamma2; PPARG; PPARG1; PPARG2; PPARgamma; PPARgamma2