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Immunohistochemistry analysis of Phospho-Pax2 (pSer393) showing nucleus and weak cytoplasmic staining of paraffin-embedded human kidney tissue (right) compared to a negative control without primary antibody (left). To expose target proteins, antigen retrieval was performed using 10mM sodium citrate (pH 6.0), microwaved for 8-15 min. Following antigen retrieval, tissues were blocked in 3% H2O2-methanol for 15 min at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with a Anti- Phospho-Pax2 (pSer393) Polyclonal Antibody (369200) diluted in 3% BSA-PBS at a dilution of 1:50 overnight at 4°C in a humidified chamber. Tissues were washed extensively in PBST and detection was performed using an HRP-conjugated secondary antibody followed by colorimetric detection using a DAB kit. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and dehydrated with ethanol and xylene to prep for mounting.
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Published species reactivity||Mouse|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Synthetic phospho-peptide derived from the sequence surrounding the phosphorylated Ser393 residue of mouse and human Pax2 (paired box protein 2). Ser393 of the 415 amino acid mouse Pax2 isoform is equivalent to Ser394 of the 416 amino acid human Pax2 isoform, and to Ser371 of the 393 amino acid human Pax2 isoform.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.4|
|Contains||0.1% sodium azide|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|ELISA (ELISA)||Assay Dependent|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:20|
|Western Blot (WB)||Assay Dependent|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Western Blot (WB)||See 1 publications below|
The pax genes are a family of transcription factors that are active in specific tissues during early embryonic development. Pax family members possess a DNA-binding domain encoded by the paired box. Because paired domain containing genes encode transcription factors, they are capable of executing a genetic program. Several pax genes have also been associated with developmental mutations including: pax-3, which is associated with Waardenburg syndrome, pax-6, which is associated with Aniridia, and pax-2, which is associated with Wilms tumor. During embryogenesis, Pax-2 is expressed in the developing kidney. In particular, the pax-2 gene is expressed in condensing metanephric mesenchyme and in early epithelial structures derived from mesenchyme; however, pax-2 mRNA and protein levels are rapidly down regulated as the tubular epithelium matures. Although Pax-2 is down regulated during renal epithelium maturation, Pax-2 expression persists in the undifferentiated epithelium of Wilms' tumors. Persistent expression of Pax-2 in Wilms' tumors occurs frequently and correlates with the proliferation of poorly differentiated epithelial cells in these tumors. Interestingly, expression of the Wilms' tumor suppresser protein, WT1, coincides with down-regulation of the pax-2 gene; thus, suggesting that WT1 can directly repress pax-2 transcription.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
|Mouse||Not Cited||BMP7 and SHH regulate Pax2 in mouse retinal astrocytes by relieving TLX repression.||Sehgal R,Sheibani N,Rhodes SJ,Belecky Adams TL||Developmental biology (332:429)||2009|
optic disc coloboma; paired box gene 2; paired box homeotic gene 2; paired box protein Pax-2
FSGS7; Opdc; PAPRS; Pax-2; PAX2