The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains two tandem Src homology-2 domains, which function as phospho-tyrosine binding domains and mediate the interaction of this PTP with its substrates. This PTP is widely expressed in most tissues and plays a regulatory role in various cell signaling events that are important for a diversity of cell functions, such as mitogenic activation, metabolic control, transcription regulation, and cell migration. Mutations in this gene are a cause of Noonan syndrome as well as acute myeloid leukemia.
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Protein Aliases: encodes catalytic domain; HCP; HGNC:9644; MGC14433; Noonan syndrome 1; null; OTTHUMP00000166108; protein tyrosine phosphatase SH-PTP2; Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1D; Protein-tyrosine phosphatase 2C; Protein-tyrosine phosphatase SYP; PTP-1D; PTP-2C; PTP1C; SH-PTP2; SH-PTP2 protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 11; SH-PTP2 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 11; SH-PTP3; SH2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2; SHP-2; Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 11
Gene Aliases: 2700084A17Rik; AW536184; BPTP3; CFC; JMML; METCDS; NS1; PTP-1D; PTP1D; PTP2C; PTPN11; SAP-2; SH-PTP2; SH-PTP3; SHP-2; SHP2; SHPTP2; Syp
Molecular Function: protein phosphatase