Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major growth factor for endothelial cells. This gene encodes one of the two receptors of the VEGF. This receptor, known as kinase insert domain receptor, is a type III receptor tyrosine kinase. It functions as the main mediator of VEGF-induced endothelial proliferation, survival, migration, tubular morphogenesis and sprouting. The signalling and trafficking of this receptor are regulated by multiple factors, including Rab GTPase, P2Y purine nucleotide receptor, integrin alphaVbeta3, T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase, etc. Mutations of this gene are implicated in infantile capillary hemangiomas.
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Protein Aliases: CD309; CD309 antigen; Fetal liver kinase 1; fetal liver kinase-1; FLK-1; FLK1 kinase insert domain receptor (a type III receptor tyrosine kinase) (VEGF receptor 2); FLK1 kinase insert domain receptor (VEGF receptor 2); KDR; kinase insert domain protein receptor; Kinase insert domain receptor; kinase insert domain receptor (a type III receptor tyrosine kinase); Kinase NYK; Protein-tyrosine kinase receptor flk-1; sCD309; soluble CD309; soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2; soluble VEGFR 2; soluble VEGFR2; tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor; Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor- 2; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3; VEGF R2; VEGF receptor-2; VEGFR-2
Gene Aliases: 6130401C07; CD309; Flk-1; FLK1; KDR; Krd-1; Ly73; sVEGFR-2; VEGFR; VEGFR-2; VEGFR2
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor