Suggested positive control: Raw.
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, occurs during normal cellular differentiation and development of multicellular organisms. Apoptosis is induced by certain cytokines including TNF and Fas ligand of the TNF family through their death domain containing receptors, TNFR1 and Fas. RANK, or Receptor activator of NF-kB, TNF11aR, ODFR, CD265, is a member of the TNFR superfamily with no significant homology to other members of this family . RANK ligand binds to RANK on dendritic cells, upregulates the expression of anti-apoptotic protein BcL-XL suggesting a role in dendritic cell survival . The cytoplasmic domain of RANK interacts with TRAF2, TRAF5 and TRAF6 . Overexpression of RANK activates NF-kB and c-Jun-terminal kinase pathways . Recent studies have shown that RANK interaction with TRAF6 activates NF-kB, whereas JNK activation is mediated through binding of RANK to TRAF2 .
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Protein Aliases: CD265; FEO; LOH18CR1; loss of heterozygosity, 18, chromosomal region 1; ODFR; OFE; OPTB7; Osteoclast differentiation factor receptor; OSTS; Paget disease of bone 2; PDB2; RANK; receptor activator of NF-kappaB; Receptor activator of NF-KB; receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B; TNFRSF11A; TRANCER; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11A; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11a, NFKB activator; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 11a, NFKB activator
Gene Aliases: CD265; FEO; LOH18CR1; Ly109; mRANK; ODFR; OFE; OPTB7; OSTS; PDB2; RANK; RGD1563614; TNFRSF11A; TRANCE-R; TRANCER