RET is a member of the cadherin superfamily, encodes one of the receptor tyrosine kinases which are cell-surface molecules that transduce signals for cell growth and differentiation. RET plays a crucial role in neural crest development, can undergo oncogenic activation in vivo and in vitro by cytogenetic rearrangement. Mutations in the RET gene are associated with the disorders multiple endocrine neoplasia, type IIA, multiple endocrine neoplasia, type IIB, Hirschsprung disease, and medullary thyroid carcinoma. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for the RET gene. Additional transcript variants have been described for RET but their biological validity has not been confirmed.
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Protein Aliases: Cadherin family member 12; cadherin-related family member 16; CUX1/RET fusion; EC 188.8.131.52; Extracellular cell-membrane anchored RET cadherin 120 kDa fragment; hydroxyaryl-protein kinase; kinase Ret; OTTHUMP00000216967; Proto-oncogene c-Ret; Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase receptor Ret; rearranged during transfection; receptor tyrosine kinase; ret proto-oncogene (multiple endocrine neoplasia and medullary thyroid carcinoma 1, Hirschsprung disease); RET receptor tyrosine kinase; RET transforming sequence; Soluble RET kinase fragment
Gene Aliases: CDHF12; CDHR16; HSCR1; MEN2A; MEN2B; MTC1; PTC; RET; RET-ELE1; RET51
UniProt ID: (Human) P07949
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5979
Molecular Function: transmembrane signal receptor