RNL-4 recognizes an epitope located within the first 20 amino acids of reticulon-1C (NSP-C). RNL-4 reacts with peripheral nerves and ganglia of various tissues and cross-reacts with smooth muscle cells and myoepithelium. In the central nervous system it reacts with the neurohypophysis and pars intermedia of the pituitary gland, and a weak diffuse staining was observed in neurons of the granular and molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex, while glial cells, cerebellar medulla and Purkinje cells are negative. reticulon-1 has been found to indiCate neuronal differentiation and to be downregulated in neurological pathologies.
The antibody may be stored at 4°C. For prolonged storage prepare appropriate aliquots and store at or below -20°C. Prior to use, an aliquot is thawed slowly in the dark at ambient temperature, spun down again and used to prepare working dilutions by adding sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.2). Repeated thawing and freezing should be avoided. Working dilutions should be stored at 4°C, not refrozen, and preferably used the same day. If a slight precipitation occurs upon storage, this should be removed by centrifugation. It will not affect the performance or the concentration of the product.
Reticulon-1 was formerly designated NSP for Neuroendocrine-Specific-Protein, because it is specifically expressed in neural and neuroendocrine tissues. The NSP-gene has been mapped by fluorescence in situ hybridization to human chromosome 14q21-q22. The NSP-gene encodes three overlapping proteins, i. e. reticulon-1A (NSP-A), reticulon-1B (NSP-B), and reticulon-1C (NSP-C). These proteins were found to be anchored to membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum through their common carboxy-terminal regions. Reticulon-1A is a protein with a molecular weight of ~135 kDa, which occurs in various isoforms presumably depending on the degree of phosphorylation of serine residues. In lung cancer diagnosis Reticulon-1A appeared to be a reliable marker for the detection of neuroendocrine differentiation, since most of the small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and carcinoid tumors showed expression of Reticulon-1A. Reticulon-1B is a phosphoprotein with a MW of 45 kDa and is restricted to the lung cancer cell line NCI-H82. Reticulon-1B is so far not found in human tissues. Reticulon-1C is a protein with a MW of 23 kDa which is not phosphorylated and is found with Reticulon-1A in SCLC (cell lines) and not in non-SCLC (cell cultures).
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