S100A12 is a member of the S100 family of proteins containing 2 EF-hand calcium-binding motifs. S100 proteins are localized in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus of a wide range of cells, and involved in the regulation of a number of cellular processes such as cell cycle progression and differentiation. S100A12 is proposed to be involved in specific calcium-dependent signal transduction pathways and its regulatory effect on cytoskeletal components may modulate various neutrophil activities. S100A12 is also a ligand for RAGE. Interaction with RAGE on mononuclear phagocytes, lymphocytes and endothelium triggers cellular activation. Nuclear factor kappa B, a key transcription factor for inflammatory events, is activated by S100A12/RAGE. S100A12 has also been shown to have anti-microbial properties.
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Protein Aliases: CAAF1; CAGC; Calcitermin; Calcium binding protein in amniotic fluid; Calcium-binding protein in amniotic fluid 1; Calgranulin C; Calgranulin related protein; Calgranulin-C; CGRP; EN RAGE; EN-RAGE; ENRAGE; Extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein; Migration inhibitory factor-related protein 6; MRP-6; MRP6; Neutrophil S100 protein; p6; Protein S100 A12; Protein S100-A12; S100 calcium binding protein A12; S100 calcium-binding protein A12; S100 calcium-binding protein A12 (calgranulin C); S100A12; S10AC_HUMAN
Gene Aliases: CAAF1; CAGC; CGRP; ENRAGE; MRP-6; MRP6; p6; S100A12
UniProt ID: (Human) P80511
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 6283