Septin 2 is a filament-forming cytoskeletal GTPase. Septin 2 is required for normal organization of the actin cytoskeleton and plays a role in the biogenesis of polarized columnar-shaped epithelium by maintaining polyglutamylated microtubules, thus facilitating efficient vesicle transport, and by impeding MAP4 binding to tubulin. It is required for the progression through mitosis, and it forms a scaffold at the midplane of the mitotic splindle required to maintain CENPE localization at kinetochores and consequently chromosome congression. During anaphase, Septin 2 may be required for chromosome segregation and spindle elongation. Septin 2 also plays a role in ciliogenesis and collective cell movements.
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Protein Aliases: 2-Sep; NEDD-5; Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 5; neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 5; neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated gene 5; Septin-2; Vascular endothelial cell specific protein 11
Gene Aliases: AW208991; DIFF6; hNedd5; KIAA0158; mKIAA0158; NEDD-5; NEDD5; Pnutl3; SEPT2; SEPTIN2; Vesp11