This antibody is predicted to react with equine, mouse, rabbit and rat based on sequence homology.
Intact IgG appears on a non-reducing gel as ~150 kDa band and upon reduction generating a ~25 kDa light chain band and a ~50 kDa heavy chain.
Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the SMAD, a family of proteins similar to the gene products of the Drosophila gene 'mothers against decapentaplegic' (Mad) and the C. elegans gene Sma. SMAD proteins are signal transducers and transcriptional modulators that mediate multiple signaling pathways. This protein mediates the signals of the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which are involved in a range of biological activities including cell growth, apoptosis, morphogenesis, development and immune responses. In response to BMP ligands, this protein can be phosphorylated and activated by the BMP receptor kinase. The phosphorylated form of this protein forms a complex with SMAD4, which is important for its function in the transcription regulation. This protein is a target for SMAD-specific E3 ubiquitin ligases, such as SMURF1 and SMURF2, and undergoes ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed.
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Protein Aliases: BSP-1; Dwarfin-A; Dwf-A; DWFC; hSMAD1; JV4-1; MAD homolog 1; MAD, mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1; Mad-related protein 1; MADH5; mMad1; Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1; mothers against DPP homolog 1; Mothers-against-DPP-related 1; Mothers-against-DPP-related-1; OTTHUMP00000220456; SMAD; SMAD 1; SMAD family member 1; SMAD, mothers against DPP homolog 1; SMAD5; TGF-beta signaling protein 1; transforming growth factor-beta signaling protein 1; Transforming growth factor-beta-signaling protein 1
Gene Aliases: AI528653; BSP-1; BSP1; JV4-1; JV41; MADH1; MADR1; Mlp1; MusMLP; SMAD1