This antibody is predicted to react with Monkey, Cat, Horse, Pig, Bovine, Rabbit and Goat.
Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
Smad4 is encoded by the Smad4 gene that is located on chromosome 18 in humans. Smad4 is also known as Smad family member 4, Sma- and Mad-related protein 4 or Mothers against decapentaplegic (MAD) homolog 4. Smad4 contains N-terminal MH1 (MAD homology 1) and C-terminal MH2 (MAD homology 2) globular domains that are involved in DNA binding and protein interactions respectively. Binding of the TGF-beta superfamily of ligands that includes Transforming Growth Factor -beta (TGF-beta) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) to its cognate receptor allows phosphorylation of Smad 1, 2, 3, 5 and 8 (R-Smad, Receptor Smad). This signals for heterotrimerization with Smad4 (co-Smad, co-mediator Smad) and translocation of the complex to the nucleus. Inhibitory or antagonistic Smad (I-Smad) that includes Smad 6 and 7, interact with activated R-Smads and attenuate the signaling pathway. Smad4 acts as a tumor suppressor protein by transcriptionally regulating its target genes such as Cyclin D1 (downregulation) and collagen (upregulation) that inhibit cell proliferation. Dephosphorylation regulates nuclear export and nucleocytoplasmic dynamics of Smads.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: deleted in pancreatic carcinoma locus 4; Deletion target in pancreatic carcinoma 4; hSMAD4; MAD homolog 4; Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4; mothers against decapentaplegic, Drosophila, homolog of, 4; SMAD; SMAD 4; SMAD family member 4; SMAD, mothers against DPP homolog 4
Gene Aliases: DPC4; JIP; MADH4; MYHRS; SMAD4
UniProt ID: (Human) Q13485
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 4089