STAT2 is a member of the STAT protein family. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. In response to interferon (IFN), this protein forms a complex with STAT1 and IFN regulatory factor family protein p48 (ISGF3G), in which this protein acts as a transactivator, but lacks the ability to bind DNA directly. Transcription adaptor P300/CBP (EP300/CREBBP) has been shown to interact specifically with this protein, which is thought to be involved in the process of blocking IFN-alpha response by adenovirus.
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Protein Aliases: interferon alpha induced transcriptional activator; MGC59816; p113; Signal transducer and activator of transcription 2; signal transducer and activator of transcription 2, 113kDa; STAT; STAT 2; STAT-2
Gene Aliases: 1600010G07Rik; AW496480; IMD44; ISGF-3; P113; STAT113; STAT2
UniProt ID: (Human) P52630