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Immunofluorescence analysis of Somatostatin Receptor 4 was performed using 70% confluent log phase SH-SY5Y cells. The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 10 minutes, permeabilized with 0.1% Triton™ X-100 for 10 minutes, and blocked with 2% BSA for 1 hour at room temperature. The cells were labeled with Somatostatin Receptor 4 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (PA3111) at 2 ug/ml in 0.1% BSA and incubated for 3 hours at room temperature and then labeled with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) Superclonal™ Secondary Antibody, Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugate (Product # A27034) a dilution of 1:2000 for 45 minutes at room temperature (Panel a: green). Nuclei (Panel b: blue) were stained with SlowFade® Gold Antifade Mountant with DAPI (S36938). F-actin (Panel c: red) was stained with Alexa Fluor® 555 Rhodamine Phalloidin (Product # R415, 1:300). Panel d represents the merged image showing cytoplasmic localization. Panel e shows the no primary antibody control. The images were captured at 60X magnification.
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse|
|Published species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide corresponding to residues C(366) Q Q E A L Q P E P G R K R I P L T R T T T F(388) of human SSTR4.|
|Storage buffer||whole serum|
|Contains||0.05% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||-20° C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||3-5 µg/10^6 cells|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||2-3 µg/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||2-3 µg/ml|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:2500|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:100-1:5000|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||See 1 publications below|
PA3-111 detects the Somatostatin Receptor 4 in human and mouse samples.
PA3-111 has been used successfully in Western blot, immunocytochemistry, and immunohistochemistry procedures. In Western blot analysis of SSTR4 transfected HEK-293 cells this antibody detects a ~40-50 kDa protein representing SSTR4.
The PA3-111 immunogen is a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues C(366) Q Q E A L Q P E P G R K R I P L T R T T T F(388) of human SSTR4.
SSTR4 has been reported to be expressed in brain, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, and prostate tissues. No ESTs have been identified.
G-protein Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) comprise one of the largest families of signaling molecules with more than a thousand members currently predicted to exist. All GPCRs share a structural motif consisting of seven membrane-spanning helices, and exist in both active and inactive forms. An array of activating ligands participate in the conformation of GPCRs which leads to signaling via G-proteins and downstream effectors. Ongoing studies have also shown the vast series of reactions which participate in the negative regulation of GPCRs. This "turn-off" activity has tremendous implications for the physiological action of the cell, and continues to drive pharmacological research for new drug candidates. Two blockbuster drugs which have been developed as GPCR-targeted pharmaceuticals are Zyprexa (Eli Lilly) and Claritin (Schering-Plough) which have multi-billion dollar shares of the mental health and allergy markets, respectively.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Somatostatin receptor subtypes in human pheochromocytoma: subcellular expression pattern and functional relevance for octreotide scintigraphy.
PA3-111 was used in immunohistochemistry to investigate the cellular distribution of five somatostatin receptor subtypes in human pheochromocytoma
|Mundschenk J,Unger N,Schulz S,Höllt V,Schulz S,Steinke R,Lehnert H||The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism (88:5150)||2003|
G-protein coupled receptor; Somatostatin receptor type 4; SS-4-R; SS4-R; SS4R; SSTR4
Smstr4; SS-4-R; SS4-R; SS4R; sst4; SSTR4